Prem Menon, M.D.     Vimla Menon, M.D.
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Asthma, Allergy and Immunology Center

Asthma, Allergy and Immunology Center
5217 Flanders Dr.
Baton Rouge, LA 70808
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Prem Menon, M.D.
Telephone: (225) 766-6931
1-800-Dr-Menon (1-800-376-3666)
Fax: (225) 766-9413

Vimla Menon, M.D.
Telephone: (225) 766-6931
Fax: (225) 766-9413

Home | Allergy Information | Latex Allergy

Latex Allergies

Natural Rubber Latex (NRL) Allergy is caused by sensitization to proteins in the sap-like fluid (latex) from the commercial rubber tree. Dipped or very soft, stretchy rubber products appear to have the highest content of latex proteins, and therefore, they have the greatest allergenic potential.

Type I (immediate type) hypersensitivity is an IgE antibody-mediated, immediate reaction to one or more proteins in natural rubber latex. This reaction may be local (such as a hive) or systemic (anaphylaxis).

Type IV (delayed type) hypersensitivity is T-cell mediated, and is a delayed immune response, typically occurring 48-96 hours after exposure. This reaction is also referred to as Allergic Contact Dermatitis.

Life threatening latex allergic reaction could occur:

  1. At hospitals, clinics, dentistís office and surgical centers, in susceptible health care providers and patients.
  2. Restaurants, grocers, food service, supermarkets and schools, during food preparation, serving and cleaning.
  3. By eating latex cross reacting foods avocado, banana, chestnut, kiwi etc.
  4. By coming into contact with balloons, condoms, diaphragms, gloves, baby nipples, pacifiers, syringes, plungers, vial stoppers, natural rubber latex mattress, spandex, elastic, dental dams, Gutta Percha and Gutta Balata used to seal root canals, orthodontic elastics and koosh balls.
  5. Inhaling airborne latex particles.

Institutions and schools should develop Latex Allergy Policy. They may provide vinyl, nitrile or polyvinylchloride gloves to the employees. Provide training on latex allergy and Anaphylaxis Education to all concerned.

Have Epinephrine auto-injectors and Benadryl readily available to an anaphylaxis.

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