Prem Menon, M.D. Vimla Menon, M.D.
Asthma, Allergy and Immunology Center
Stinging insect allergies are caused by five different insects: Yellow jackets, honeybees, paper wasps, hornets and fire ants.
Some people may have severe allergic reactions which lead to anaphylaxis. The symptoms include:
Stinging insect allergies are diagnosed by insect venom skin testing and blood tests.
For fire ants, whole body extracts are used for diagnosis and treatment.
An anaphylactic reaction is treated with epinephrine and antihistamines.
Allergic reactions from insect stings can be avoided by staying clear from the specific insect.
Venom immunotherapy is offered to patients with a diagnosis of anaphylaxis to stinging insects. This form of treatment is recommended for five years, followed by re-evaluation with skin test and or blood test (IgE RAST).
Fire Ant Anaphylaxis is prevented by desensitization with Fire Ant Whole Body Extracts.
Self-injectable epinephrine and Benadryl should be readily available to treat allergic emergency.
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